1. Comment on the following statement discussing Mexicoâ€™s recent privatization: â€œMexican state companies are owned in the name of the people but are run and now privatized to benefit Mexicoâ€™s ruling class.â€
2. Between 1981 and 1987, direct foreign investment in the developing world plunged by more than 50%. The World Bank was concerned about this decline and wanted to correct it by improving the investment climate in developing countries. Its solution: Create a Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) that will guarantee foreign investments against expropriation at rates to be subsidized by Western governments.
a. Assess the likely effects of MIGA on both the volume of Western capital flows to developing nations and the efficiency of international capital allocation.
b. How will MIGA affect the probability of expropriation and respect for property rights in developing countries?
c. Is MIGA likely to improve the investment climate in developing nations? Explain.
d. According to a senior World Bank official (Wall Street Journal, December 22, 1987), â€œThere is vastly more demand for political risk coverage than the sum total available.â€ Is this a valid economic argument for setting up MIGA? Explain.
e. Assess the following argument made on behalf of MIGA by a State Department memo: â€œWe should avoid penalizing a good project [by not providing subsidized insurance] for bad government policies over which they have limited influence.â€¦ Restrictions on eligible countries [receiving insurance subsidies because of their doubtful investment policies] will decrease MIGAâ€™s volume of business and spread of risk, making it harder to be self-sustaining.â€ (Quoted in the Wall Street Journal, December 22, 1987)